Evidence - based policy solutions built
on shared vision and robust analysis.

Dr Žilvinas Martinaitis

Partner, Research Manager

Email: Žilvinas

Research manager leading evaluations and studies focusing on education – labour market interfaces, knowledge management, R&I and digital policy.




Žilvinas has over 15 years of experience in carrying out research, policy analysis, evaluation and technical assistance projects. He is an experienced team leader of large EU-wide projects, developer of methodological evaluation and policy analysis guidelines, and reader in policy analysis and research design in Vilnius University.


Core competence areas include:

  • education, labour market, digital and R&I policies.
  • institutional capacity building, set-up of monitoring and evaluation systems.
  • research and evaluation methodological designs.




Education and labour market policies
European Commission, since 2006 Selected projects:

  • Support for National skills strategy Lithuania (OECD);
  • Assessing and disseminating the results of the social innovation calls financed by the EU Programme for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI) 2014-2020 (DG EMPL);
  • Study for feasibility assessment and piloting of (self-)assessment tool on skills management practices in SMEs (DG EMPL);
  • Analysis of labour market intermediaries active in digital and entrepreneurial skilling services (JRC);
  • Service contract for case studies on innovative practices for continuous professional development in higher education (JRC);
  • Financing apprenticeships/ dual VET in the EU (CEDEFOP);
  • Real-time Labour Market information on Skill Requirements: Setting up the EU system for online vacancy analysis (CEDEFOP);
  • Measuring Performance of EU Member States Skills Systems and Prioritising Skill Mismatches (CEDEFOP);
  • Forecasting skills supply and demand in Europe (CEDEFOP).
National governments, since 2005 Selected projects:

  • Evaluation of ESF supported training (Ministry of Finance, Lithuania);
  • Impact of de-industrialization and re-industrialization on skills (Lithuanian Research Council);
  • Employability of Lithuanian university graduates (MOSTA);
  • Demand for competences in Lithuanian engineering industry (Industry).

Research and innovation policy

European Commission, since 2006 Selected projects:

  • Horizon 2020 Policy Support Facility. Specific support to Latvia (DG RTD);
  • Study to support the impact assessment on the Strategic Innovation Agenda of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (DG EAC);
  • New financial instruments for SME’s, mid-caps and organisations from the Cultural and Creative Sectors (DG CONNECT);
  • Study on research cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region: existing networks, obstacles and ways forward (Baltic Science Network).
National governments, since 2005 Selected projects:

  • Services for developing methodology for the monitoring and evaluation of clusters in Lithuania (MITA);
  • Interim Evaluation of the R&D and Innovation policy mix under the Operational Programme 2014-2020 (Ministry of Finance, Lithuania);
  • Intellectual Capital Reporting for Universities (UEFISCDI, Romania).

Digital policy

European Commission Selected projects:

  • Investing in local and regional gigabit broadband deployment (DG CONNECT);
  • Study on regulatory incentives for the deployment of Very High Capacity Networks (DG CONNECT);
  • Study on selected issues relating to the application of the CRM Directive (DG CONNECT).

Capacity building, methods and tools

National governments, since 2008 Selected projects:

  • Technical assistance to the managing authority for preparations for 2021-2027 programming period (Ministry of Finance);
  • Strengthening evaluation capacities in Lithuania (Ministry of Finance);
  • Methods for ex post evaluation of impacts of R&D investments (MOSTA);
  • Technical assistance in monitoring and evaluation of Smart Specialisation Strategy in Lithuania (MOSTA).


Selected publications


  1. Martinaitis Ž., Christenko A., Antanavičius J. (2020). “Upskilling, deskilling or polarisation? Evidence on change in skills in Europe”, Work, Employment and Society, September.
  2. Christenko, A., Martinaitis, Ž., Gaušas, S. (2020).“Specific and general skills: concepts, dimensions, and measurements”, Competition & change , Vol 24(1), pp. 44-69.
  3. Martinaitis, Ž., Christenko, A., & Kraučiūnienė, L. (2019),“Evaluation systems: How do they frame, generate and use evidence?”, Evaluation , 25(1), pp. 46–61.
  4. Secundo, G., Elena-Perez, S., Martinaitis, Ž, Leitner, K. H., (2017),“An Intellectual Capital framework to measure universities’ third mission activities”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change , Vol. 123, pp. 229 – 239.
  5. Paliokaitė A., Martinaitis Ž., Sarpong D. (2016),“Implementing Smart Specialisation Roadmaps in Lithuania: Lost in translation?”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 110, pp. 143-152.
  6. Nakrošis V., Martinaitis Ž., Hudrea A., Balica D. (2016), “Ex post Control and Steering of Government Agencies: a Comparative Analysis of Lithuania and Romania”, Transylvanian Reviewof Administrative Sciences, No. 46, pp. 78-94.
  7. Paliokaitė A., Martinaitis Ž., Reimeris R. (2015),“Foresight Methods for Smart Specialisation Strategy Development in Lithuania”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 101, pp. 185-199.
  8. Secundo G., Elena-Perez S., Martinaitis Ž., Leitner K-H. (2015),“An Intellectual Capital Maturity Model (ICMM) to improve strategic management in European universities: a dynamic approach“, Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 16 (No.2), pp. 419 – 442.
  9. Martinaitis Ž., Gaušas S., Paliokaitė A. (2015),“Cultural and Constitutional Embeddedness of University Autonomy in Lithuania” in ed. Romeo V. Turcan, Re-discovering university autonomy, London, New York: Palgrave MacMillan, pp.45-53.
  10. Elena-Perez S., Leitner K-H., Secundo G. & Martinaitis Ž. (2015), “Shaping New Managerial Models for European Universities: The Impact of Reporting and Managing Intelectual Capital” in eds. Patricia Ordóñez de Pablos and Leif Edvinsson, Intellectual Capital in Organizations: Non-Financial Reports and Accounts, London, New York: Routledge.
  11. Martinaitis Ž. (2014),“Measuring Skills in Europe”, European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 38 (3), pp. 198 – 210.
  12. Martinaitis Ž. (2014),“Employers’ Investment in Skills: Test of skills argument”, Social Sciences, No. 2 (84), pp. 39-46.
  13. Paliokaitė A., Martinaitis Ž., Ramojus R. (2013), Foresight methods for Smart Specialisation Strategy in Lithuania. (Accepted for Special Issue on ‘Participatory Foresight and Technologies’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, in print.
  14. Martinaitis Ž. (2012), “Forecasting Skills Demand and Labour Market Dynamics in the Baltic States”, Building on Skills Forecasts – Comparing Methods and Applications, Conference proceedings, Thessaloniki: Cedefop, pp. 101 – 116.
  15. Nakrošis V. and Martinaitis Ž. (eds.) (2011), Lithuanian Agencies and other Public Sector Organisations: Organisation, Autonomy, Control and Performance, Vilnius: Vilniaus universiteto leidykla.
  16. Nakrošis V. and Martinaitis Ž. (2011), “Lithuania”, kn. G. Bouchaert, P. Laegreid, S. van Tiel and K. Verhoest (eds.), A global compendium of government agencies, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Palgrave MacMillan;
  17. Martinaitis Ž. (2010),The Political Economy of Skills Formation: Explaining the Differences in Central and Eastern Europe, doctoral dissertation, Vilnius: Vilnius University.
  18. Martinaitis Ž. (2008), “Flexicurity: Will the European Medicine Cure Lithuanian Labour Market?” Lithuanian Political Science Yearbook, 2007, Vilnius: Vilniaus universiteto leidykla.
  19. Martinaitis Ž. (2008), Problem definition in policy analysis, Vilnius: Vilniaus universiteto leidykla.


Selected reports






PhD from Vilnius University, 2010.

MSc from London School of Economics, 2005.